Look at the Present Simple Examples

  • I am busy.
  • She is beautiful.
  • I play football every week.
  • I study often.

The present simple is used to describe things that are generally true, habits, and permanent situations. (More Uses)

Clue words: every day, every week, all the time, on Mondays, often, usually, always. (Note 1)

Most Verbs use do/does to form questions and negative sentences. Note that we add an "S" to the verb in positive sentences whose subject is he, she, or it.

Do you run?    I run.     I do not run. (don't)       (I | You | We | They)
Does he run?   He runs.   He does not run. (doesn't)  (He | She | It)

BE Verb

Are you Thai?    I am Thai.      I am not Thai.
Is he Thai?      He is Thai.     He is not Thai.     (He | She | It) 
Are they Thai.   They are Thai.  They are not Thai.  (We | You | They)

Practice - Multiple Choice

  1. I ____ in the gym on Mondays and Fridays.
    A. exercise
    B. exercises
    C. am exercise
    D. doesn't exercise

  2. He ____ in the gym on Mondays and Fridays.
    A. exercise
    B. exercises
    C. am exercise
    D. doesn't exercises

  3. She ____ pizza.
    A. no like
    B. don't like
    C. doesn't likes
    D. doesn't like

  4. They ____ pizza.
    A. no like
    B. don't like
    C. doesn't likes
    D. doesn't like

  5. ____ she live in Thailand?
    A. Do
    B. Does
    C. Is
    D. Are

  6. ____ it a boy or a girl?
    A. Do
    B. Does
    C. Is
    D. Are

  7. ____ the dog friendly?
    A. Do
    B. Does
    C. Is
    D. Are

  8. ____ the dogs friendly?
    A. Do
    B. Does
    C. Is
    D. Are

Practice - The box will turn green when you type the correct answer. Use capital letters where appropriate.

  1. I in the park every day. (run, +)
  2. I in the park every day. (run, -)
  3. he help you study? (?)
  4. They TV. (watch, -)
  5. My brother football. (play, +)
  6. He basketball. (play, -)
  7. John and Todd football. (play, +)
  8. I speak Chinese. (-)
  9. she speak Chinese? (?)
  10. I American. (BE, +)
  11. He British. (BE, -)
  12. Thai? (You, BE, ?)
1. run 2. don't run 3. Does 4. don't watch 5. plays 6. doesn't play 7. play 8. don't 9. Does 10. am 11. isn't 12. Are you

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Kahoots - Positive, Negative, BE Verb


Note 1: Other verb tenses can use these clue words (every day, usually...) to talk about habits and repetition too. However, the present tense can imply habit and repetition even without these clue words. It also indicates that the repetition is still happening.

  • I went to the gym every day. (implies the repetition ended, past simple)
  • I go to the gym. (implies repetition, but the frequency is unspecified)
  • I go to the gym every day. (specifies repetition and frequency)

If you see these clue words on a grammar test for beginners, your teacher probably wants you to use the present simple verb tense.

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