Look at these Sentences
The dog runs. - gives no specific date or time; repeats (ฉันวิ่ง)
I don't know.
The dog is running. - it is happening now; it's about one particular event (ฉันกำลังวิ่ง)
The Present Simple
The present simple, by itself, does not tell you when something happens.
However, it can be used with words like often, usually, and every day to indicate frequency. (See the how often lesson)
- I usually run at the park.
- I brush my teeth every morning.
It can also be used with a specific time.
- I get up every morning at 6am.
Positive I run in the park. He runs in the park. *He/She/It runs Negative I don't run in the park. He doesn't run in the park. *He/She/It doesn't run You may use: do not OR don't does not OR doesn't Questions Do I run in the park? Does he run in the park? *Does He/She/It
The Present Continuous
The present continuous is used for actions that are happening now.
- I am running at the park. (now)
- You are studying English right now.
If you add a time word, you can use the present continuous to talk about the future too.
- He is running in the park at 7pm.
=> He will run in the park at 7pm.
Positive I am running. He is running. *He/She/It is We are running. *We/You/They are Negative I am not running. He isn't running. We aren't running. You may use: I'm not OR I am not isn't OR is not aren't OR are not Questions Am I running? Is he running? Are we running?
- When you're ready, try the gravity game.
Get even more present continuous practice with the sentence monkey.
Still confused? Check out this video with Thai translations.